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The latest news from Business Insider
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    Roundup Monsanto lawsuit cancer chemical glyphosate

    • A jury recently ordered Monsanto to pay $289 million in damages to a plaintiff who alleged that his cancer was the result of using Roundup, the company's popular herbicide.
    • However, the trial outcome does not mean that glyphosate — the active ingredient in Roundup — causes cancer.
    • Instead, the jury's ruling is based on their assertion that Monsanto intentionally kept information about Roundup's potential risks hidden from the public.
    • The science linking glyphosate and cancer is limited at best.

    Last week, a jury in San Francisco ordered Monsanto to pay $289 million in damages to a school groundskeeper who developed cancer after years of using Roundup, the company's popular herbicide. A scary-sounding report published by an environmental group shortly after the trial found traces of the chemical in dozens of everyday foods, from cereal to granola bars.

    But the trial's outcome doesn't mean that Roundup — or its chief chemical, called glyphosate — causes cancer.

    Instead, it means that members of the jury believed that Monsanto (which recently merged with chemical giant Bayer and announced plans to dissolve its name) intentionally kept information about glyphosate's potential harms from the public.

    The lawsuit is just the first part of what could be a decades-long legal fight over glyphosate. Meanwhile, the science linking Roundup to cancer is limited at best, and only further research can change that.

    The science on Roundup and cancer is limited 

    FILE PHOTO: Monsanto Co’s ‘Roundup For Lawns’ is shown for sale in Encinitas, California, U.S., June 26, 2017. The product photographed does not contain glyphosate. REUTERS/Mike BlakeBefore developing a type of cancer known as non-Hodgkin lymphoma, the plaintiff in the recent trial, Dewayne Johnson, had used Roundup regularly in his job as a groundskeeper at a California public school. For neglecting to alert Johnson (and the rest of the public) about the potential links between Roundup and cancer, the jury ordered Monsanto to pay Johnson $39 million to cover his medical bills, pain, and suffering, plus an additional $250 million for punitive damages (or punishment).

    But as for whether Roundup could actually have been the sole or even primary cause of an individual's cancer, the research leans heavily toward "no."

    The scare over a potential link between Roundup and cancer appears to have begun with a now widely-criticized statement put out by a World Health Organization group known as the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) in 2015.

    That year, the IARC put glyphosate — Roundup's active ingredient — in a cancer-risk category one level below widely-recognized harmful activities like smoking. But several researchers have said the IARC's determination was bogus because there is no evidence that glyphosate causes cancer. In fact, a lengthy review found that the IARC had edited out portions of the documents they used to review glyphosate to make the chemical look far more harmful than its own research had concluded.

    During the latest court case, Monsanto attempted to counter plaintiff Johnson's claims that Roundup caused his cancer using extensive testimony from expert witnesses. They pointed out that the evidence definitively linking the glyphosate in Roundup to cancer is scant. More broadly, figuring out what caused one individual's cancer is a tricky business for any scientist — a point several experts have made since the most recent Monsanto verdict came out last week.

    "This verdict is just the first in what could be a long legal battle over Roundup, and proving causality in such cases is not easy," Richard Stevens, a professor at the University of Connecticut School of Medicine who specializes in cancer and its causes, wrote in a recent post for The Conversation.

    New research could change the controversial classification of glyphosate

    The IARC's 2015 statement is not final.

    "The agency has often changed its classification of an agent based on new evidence after initial evaluation," Stevens wrote. "Sometimes it has become more certain that the agent poses a hazard, but in other cases it has downgraded the hazard."

    Based on new studies (typically in mice), glyphosate could go from its current status — where some people see it as a potential cancer risk — to being recognized as having a very low risk for harm.

    Several studies of glyphosate and cancer are ongoing, and more are coming out each year. Just last year, a review of studies looking at the ties between glyphosate and cancer concluded that in the low amounts of that people are actually exposed to, glyphosate "do[es] not represent a public concern."

    Conversely, the new evidence could come out strongly against glyphosate and suggest that it's incredibly harmful. As Stevens points out, new evidence dramatically changed the public perception of another popular product which was initially labeled cancerous — a zero-calorie sweetener called saccharin, which is sold under the brand name Sweet' N Low.

    In the 1980s, any product containing the sweetener was required to carry a warning label saying that it was "determined to cause cancer." But the science was flawed: the rats that had been used in the studies were especially prone to bladder cancer, and the findings did not apply to people. So in 2016, the sweetener was removed from a list of cancer-causing ingredients.

    But glyphosate's status remains to be seen. For now, the court case merely reflects the determination of a jury — not the conclusion of the majority of scientific experts.

    SEE ALSO: Monsanto had a deal-making VC arm that put it on the front lines of food tech — but the $66 billion Bayer acquisition may have killed it

    DON'T MISS: After a $66 billion merger, Monsanto is disappearing — sort of

    Join the conversation about this story »

    NOW WATCH: The most extreme births in the animal kingdom

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    800px Kaaterskill_Falls

    • Social media has turned the natural world into stunning photo ops, often at the sacrifice of safety.  
    • Three popular travel YouTubers, a photographer, and two teenage boys have passed away in waterfall-related accidents in Canada and New York when trying to get the right photo since 2016.

    How far would you take "doing it for the ‘gram?" Would you risk your life perching on the edge of a waterfall to take the perfect picture?  Waterfalls are no doubt a gorgeous part of nature, but they can also be extremely dangerous if you’re not being careful.

    In July, three YouTube and Instagram vloggers died after falling into Shannon Falls in British Columbia where they "slipped and fell into a pool 30 meters below," according to a police statement.

    Ryker Gamble, Alexey Lyakh, and Megan Scraper were part of High On Life, a collaborative extreme travel video collective, with over 575,000 YouTube subscribers and 1.1 million Instagram followers.

    Following their passing, the other members of High On Life began a GoFundMe fundraiser and have posted several tribute videos to Gamble, Lyakh and Scraper, where the group said that they were "three of the warmest, kindest, most driven and outgoing people you could ever meet."


    Social media stars risking their lives for a photo or video is nothing new. Chinese "rooftopper" Wu Yongning passed away filming a stunt in November 2017, and Pedro Ruiz was shot by his girlfriend in front of their three-year-old daughter in a prank gone wrong in June 2017.

    But it seems that a growing number of people have lost their lives while trying to get the perfect waterfall shot. 

    Michael Lane, a Toronto-based freelance photographer and photography lost his footing while taking photographs at Albion Falls in British Columbia last summer.

    "In a tragic accident, Michael fell from the cliff side, in what we thought was an older trail," his friend Blake Zimmerman, who was one of two others with Lane at the time, wrote in a Facebook post.


    Zimmerman and another friend were rescued by rope after Lane fell, one of four Albion Falls rescues in 2017 prior to this tragic accident, confirmed Hamilton Fire spokesperson Dave Forster to CBC.

    "He told me, when I die, I don't want to be remembered for who I am, but for what I do. I don't takes pictures just to capture an image. I take memories, good and bad. I see people in different ways than most. That's what I want to be remembered by," Lane's ex-girlfriend, Tiana Rae Hook, told the CBC.

    Corey Dixon has been a vocal activist in his Facebook group about increasing safety measures at the Albion Falls. In 2016 he slipped on black ice at the Falls, causing several injuries, including a broken back, concussion, and bleeding on the brain.

    "Claiming that everyone that's fallen at Albion Falls is an idiot, or climbing waterfalls, or a risk taker is just pure victim-blaming," Dixon told CBC.

    And then there's Kaaterskill Falls, a breathtaking waterfall located two hours north of New York City in the Catskill Mountains. There are more than 20,000 Instagram photos tagged at the stunning location.


    Seventeen-year-old Ezra Kennedy was hiking between tiers of the Falls when he tried to take a photo and fell to his death.

    "I think he just went out a little too far and it didn’t appear to be slippery," his mother, Donna Kennedy of Westfield, N.J. told the New York Times.

    Ezra was one of two who lost their life at the Kaaterskill Falls in 2016. All told, there have been eight fatal accidents at the waterfall since 1992 — most of them occurring in the post-social media age. 

    With an estimated 100,000 visitors annually, rangers are having a hard time keeping the public safe when so many visit just for the right photo. According to the New York Times, the state has spent more than $1.25 million on safety improvements, in an aim to protect waterfall visitors. 

    On Wednesday, new rules went into effect banning "fires, alcohol, most glass containers and amplified music in the area around the falls," and also "prohibit visitors from going within six feet of most cliff edges and ban swimmers from entering the stream within 150 feet of the top of the waterfall," according to the New York Times.

    The state hopes these new regulations will help prevent future photo-related fatalities. Rob Dawson, a state forest ranger, confirmed to the New York Times that the last four deaths at the Falls were people taking or posing for photos.

    "Just talking to people who come up here, they say, 'Yeah, we saw this on the internet — we’re trying to find it,'" Mr. Dawson told the Times. "The unfortunate thing is, with those pictures, there’s nothing informing people that you could get seriously hurt here, too."

    For more great stories, head to INSIDER's homepage.

    Join the conversation about this story »

    NOW WATCH: Cigna's CEO says that the problem with healthcare in America has nothing to do with employers

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    When you are dating someone new, it can take a while for certain deal breakers — like an inability to help with chores or bad financial habits — to become apparent.

    But some red flags can show up as soon as you meet someone. You just need to know what to look out for.

    To help make sure you notice them sooner rather than later, INSIDER talked with Rori Sassoon, founder of Platinum Poire matchmaking service, to find out which red flags you can spot on a first date.

    1. They're very late.

    Issues with traffic or public transportation are inevitable for most people, so tardiness isn't always a red flag.

    But if your date is more than a few minutes late — and doesn't seem to care that you've been waiting for a lengthy period of time — consider that a first strike.

    "I am a little bit of a stickler for time," Sassoon told INSIDER. "I don't mean five minutes, but if someone is running 15 minutes late I definitely expect a call or a text. If someone doesn't do that, it's a red flag in the sense that there's a lack of respect for the other person's time."

    2. They expect too much too soon.

    "When you're on a first date with someone, and the conversation turns to sex really quickly, stay away," Sassoon told INSIDER.

    There are obvious exceptions to this, like if you are there specifically to hook up and have communicated that with your date ahead of time.

    But if your date immediately begins making lewd sexual remarks or getting more touchy-feely than you'd like during a casual outing, that's a sign they may not be respectful of your boundaries — both now and in the future.

    To deal with this, let your date know you aren't comfortable discussing sex quite yet. If they don't back off, you are well within your rights to end the date early.


    3. They're too pushy.

    Your date may try to convince you that they deserve to be invited back to your place because they bought you a drink or spent some time with you. 

    "If they're insisting on inviting you to their place, or pushing to go over to yours, that's a bad sign," Sassoon told INSIDER. "They don't need to know where you live right now."

    See the rest of the story at Business Insider

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    red tide dead fish

    The waters on the southwest coast of Florida haven't been clear for 10 months.

    A red tide that rolled in last fall is still plaguing the waters of the eastern Gulf of Mexico, turning the formerly pristine coastline a cloudy mud-red and killing off many kinds of wildlife.

    The dangerous algae blooms are called karenia brevis, and they thrive in briny sea water that is warm but not too hot.

    Ocean observers at Florida's Mote Marine lab say this year's red tide is not a record-breaker yet, but it is the most persistent algae bloom they've seen in roughly a decade.

    Take a look at why it's happening and which creatures are dying because of the algae.

    SEE ALSO: Dangerous 'forever chemicals' have been found in US drinking water at alarmingly high rates. Here's what to know about PFAS.

    The sea algae that creates red tides, Karenia brevis, floats around in the Gulf of Mexico all the time. But with some additional nutrients, a sprinkle of wind, and ocean currents that flow just the right way, the algae can develop into larger toxic, oxygen-suffocating blooms.

    The phenomenon is called red tide because it turns the normally crystal-clear waters near the shore into murky dark red cesspools that kill aquatic life.

    Red tides kill fish by producing a powerful brevetoxin that harms their central nervous system. "Ultimately, fish die because their gills stop functioning," the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission explains on its website.

    "Signs of intoxication in fish include violent twisting and corkscrew swimming, defecation and regurgitation, pectoral fin paralysis, caudal fin curvature, loss of equilibrium and convulsions," the FWC reports.


    In addition to suffocating fish, the algae confuses sea turtles and kills manatees that mistakenly eat contaminated sea grass. Birds that eat contaminated prey also suffer.

    Manatees often die from eating contaminated sea grass — red tides killed more than 50 manatees around Florida last year, while more than 800 of the 1,000-pound beasts were killed by algae blooms in 2013. The preliminary count this year is up to at least 92. 

    Bird sickened by the algae become weak and unable to stand, get wary of flying, and can develop seizures and dehydration.

    See the rest of the story at Business Insider

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    Diane Bryant

    • Former Google executive Diane Bryant said during a presentation on Tuesday that she had first-hand knowledge about video-conferencing technology that Google had to "pull back" because it couldn't identify people of color. 
    • Bryant suggested that the problem stemmed from a lack of diversity among the people who built the tech. 
    • While some of Google's top execs have warned about the problem of bias in creating algorithms, the company has created software in the past that was allegedly racially biased. 
    • Bryant told the gathering of IT professionals: "Diversity is a fact. Inclusion is a choice." 

    Google once had to “pull back” video-conferencing software for employees because of the technology's inability to accurately identify people of color, Google cloud executive Diane Bryant said on Tuesday.

    Bryant, Google cloud’s former COO before departing in July after barely more than half a year, also suggested that the problem with the technology was at least partially caused by a lack of diversity among the people who build it.    

    Bryant made the comments during a presentation at the University of California Davis before a gathering of several hundred IT managers and faculty who work for for the UC system during the annual University of California Computing Services Conference.

    Towards the end of her presentation, Bryant began to discuss the need for diversity of viewpoints within IT departments. She cited something that occurred at Google during her brief tenure as an example of what can go wrong when diversity is lacking.

    “There’s been a lot of news lately on diversity and AI,” Bryant told the crowd. “For instance, if an algorithm is trained with incomplete data you’re at risk of developing a bias, which can be disastrous when you’re automating decisions, say, behind parole hearings or the approval of loan applications.

    “I sadly saw this firsthand at Google,” she continued, when "IT’s initial videoconferencing solution based on AI had to be pulled back" after initially rolling out to employees. 

    "The algorithms that detected the faces in the room and then zoomed in automatically to center them in the screen failed to accurately identify people of color," said Bryant. 

    Through a spokeswoman, Google declined to comment. Bryant departed the auditorium directly after her speech without answering questions from the audience and did not respond to questions sent later to her via LinkedIn.  

    Diversity is a hot-button topic at Google

    The issue of diversity is a sensitive topic for Google, as it is at many other companies in the tech sector. For a long time, Google has pledged itself to diversifying its ranks, though progress has been slow. Google's latest diversity report disclosed that more than half of its workers (53.1%) were white, a drop of 2.4 percentage points from 2017.

    Fei-Fei Li

    That means the number of staff members from other ethnic backgrounds increased slightly, but most figures remained largely unchanged.

    In 2015, software engineer Jacky Alciné discovered that Google’s image recognition algorithms were classifying black people as “gorillas.” The company apologized to Alciné and promised to fix the problem.

    Meanwhile, Diane Greene, the CEO of Google Cloud and Bryant's former boss, as well as Dr. Fei-Fei Li, the unit's chief AI scientist, have been vocal advocates for reducing bias in algorithms and AI. 

    As Bryant began to wrap up her presentation, she received enthusiastic applause after saying “diversity is a fact. Inclusion is a choice.”

    She also warned tech companies that they can’t blame under-represented groups for the diversity problem, saying “you can't put the burden of the marginalized class on the marginalized class. That simply is illogical."

    *If you're a current or former Google employee and you know more about this, please contact me at


    SEE ALSO: Diane Bryant was only at Google for a few months before leaving, but she still has a lot to say about how it does business

    Join the conversation about this story »

    NOW WATCH: An early bitcoin investor explains what most people get wrong about the cryptocurrency

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    Lena Dunham Getty Images

    • Lena Dunham shared nude photos on Instagram in honor of the nine-month anniversary of her hysterectomy.
    • "My body is mostly healed and every day I find a new bruise on my heart, but today I offer myself gratitude: from the most pained place, I somehow knew to choose myself," she wrote.
    • Dunham also renamed the day "Happy Giving Birth To Myself Day."
    • Dunham elected to get a hysterectomy after believing she had endometriosis.

    Writer and actor Lena Dunham honored the nine-month anniversary of her hysterectomy with celebratory nude photos on Instagram. 

    "Today is National Leathercraft Day, National Relaxation Day and National Lemon Merengue Pie Day. It's also the 9 month anniversary of my hysterectomy," Dunham wrote in the caption. "I've never celebrated the nine month anniversary of anything and I realized last night why that number feels so funny — I won't ever do it the way I planned to. My body is mostly healed and every day I find a new bruise on my heart, but today I offer myself gratitude: from the most pained place, I somehow knew to choose myself."

    The series of three photos was shared on Instagram to Dunham's 3.1 million followers.

    Today is National Leathercraft Day, National Relaxation Day and National Lemon Merengue Pie Day. It’s also the 9 month anniversary of my hysterectomy. I’ve never celebrated the 9 month anniversary of anything and I realized last night why that number feels so funny- I won’t ever do it the way I planned to. My body is mostly healed and every day I find a new bruise on my heart, but today I offer myself gratitude: from the most pained place, I somehow knew to choose myself. The purest glint of who we are and know we can be is always available to us, calm and true at our center. My friend Paul named my uterus Judy, and when she was being uppity we called her out, hence the tattoo on my ribs, which hurt like fuck even through the pain meds: #RIPJudy. Today I give thanks for Judy, for her graceful exit and for this body, which is stronger than I’ve ever given it credit for. Happy Giving Birth To Myself Day.

    A post shared by Lena Dunham (@lenadunham) on Aug 15, 2018 at 4:18am PDT on

    "The purest glint of who we are and know we can be is always available to us, calm and true at our center," the caption continued. "My friend Paul named my uterus Judy, and when she was being uppity we called her out, hence the tattoo on my ribs, which hurt like f--- even through the pain meds: #RIPJudy. Today I give thanks for Judy, for her graceful exit and for this body, which is stronger than I've ever given it credit for. Happy Giving Birth To Myself Day."

    In February, Dunham penned an essay for Vogue explaining her choice to get a hysterectomy at age 31 after believing she had endometriosis (though Dunham said no formal diagnosis had ever been made even after 10 years of living in pain). 

    "I know that a hysterectomy isn’t the right choice for everyone [...] that it's not a guarantee that this pain will disappear, and that you are performing it due to your deeply held, essential and — to my mind — feminist belief that women should be able to make a choice about how they want to spend their childbearing years," Dunham wrote in Vogue.

    Dunham, now 32, is the co-creator of HBO's coming comedy series "Camping," starring Jennifer Garner and David Tennant. 

    For more great stories, head to INSIDER's homepage.

    Join the conversation about this story »

    NOW WATCH: The CEO of one of the largest health insurers in the US explains the problem with healthcare in America

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    moon earth space china cast

    • China said on Wednesday that it plans to launch two robots to the moon in December.
    • The new mission, called Chang'e-4, aims to set a lunar rover and lander on the far side of the moon.
    • The robots will study the geology and chemistry of the moon's most ancient and mysterious rocks.
    • Another goal of the mission is to see whether the region is quiet enough (from human activity) to build a sensitive deep-space radio telescope.
    • A bonus experiment on Chang'e-4 will try to grow plants and worms on the moon.

    China's space agency this week shared new details about its upcoming Chang'e-4 mission, which aims to launch two robots to the far side of the moon.

    The new mission, named after the mythical moon goddess Chang'e, is the fourth in an ongoing lunar exploration program. China ultimately hopes its technological progress will lead to a crewed lunar landing — the first since NASA's Apollo program ended in 1972— and perhaps domination of space around the moon.

    Chinese officials said during a briefing on Wednesday that Chang'e-4 will rocket toward the moon in December. CCTV, a state-supervised media outlet, shared online video of the announcement event.

    The new mission "will be the first to realize a soft landing on and inspection of" the far side of the moon, an official said on Wednesday at China's National Defense Science and Technology Bureau in Beijing.

    jade rabbit change3 lunar moon rover china cnsa cas

    Chang'e-4 is made from backup hardware for Chang'e-3, a nearly identical mission that launched the Yutu or "Jade Rabbit" rover along with a stationary probe to the moon's near side in 2013. Given Chang'e-3's success, officials said at the time that the backup hardware would be retrofitted into a new Chang'e-4 mission.

    The plan includes studying some of the moon's most ancient rocks — which could help scientists understand the moon's extremely violent history — as well as scouting for a location to build an unprecedented telescope to study the universe, according to Air and Space magazine.

    Chang'e-4 will also test some hardware that China plans to use for Chang'e-5: a mission designed to collect about 4.4 lbs of dust and rocks from a northwest part of the moon and bring those samples back to Earth.

    How China will talk to a robot on the far side of the moon

    queqiao lunar relay communications satellite cnsa cas

    The moon is very good at blocking light and radio transmissions from Earth to its far side. (A lunar "dark side" is something of a misnomer, since the moon rotates about once a month.)

    When Apollo astronauts orbited the moon, they temporarily (and expectedly) lost contact with mission control in Houston each time they passed behind the 2,159-mile-wide ball of rock.

    But China is already poised to get around this problem — literally — since it successfully launched a precursor mission called Queqiao in May. Queqiao is a telecommunications satellite now parked in a gravity-neutral spot in space, called a Lagrange point, that overlooks the far side of the moon.

    "The name Queqiao means 'magpie bridge' in Chinese and comes from a Chinese folk tale, a love story about a flock of magpies that form a bridge crossing the Milky Way once a year to reunite lovers known as the Cowherd and the Weaver Girl, as well as their children" according to a blog post by Luyuan Xu at the Planetary Society.

    Queqiao will act as a "bridge" between Earth and the Chang'e-4 mission after its robots land, helping to send data home and receive commands from China National Space Administration mission control.

    Where Chang'e-4 will land and explore

    von karman crater moon lunar orbiter james stuby lunar orbiter 5 cc01

    The landing site for Chang'e-4 is slated to be the moon's Von Kármán crater. The area is near the south pole, where some craters hide water ice in permanent shadows — ideal spots to build permanent human outposts.

    The Von Kármán crater also exists within a huge and ancient feature called the South Pole-Aitken Basin, which was the site of a cataclysmic impact about 3.9 billion years ago that left behind a 1,550-mile-wide crater.

    That collision is thought to have punched through the moon's crust, spewing some of its mantle onto the surface. If pieces of mantle are indeed there, and Chang'e-4 can sample and study them, scientists would get an unprecedented view into the moon's internal structure and origins.

    Chang'e-4 may also deploy an experiment that would take images of the sky in low-frequency radio waves. That is practically impossible on Earth, given how noisy humans are with our electronics. But these frequencies are essential to understanding the universe's and our own origins.

    "We need these signals to learn whether and how the universe inflated rapidly in the first trillionth of a trillionth of a trillionth of a second after the Big Bang," Joseph Silk, an astronomer at Johns Hopkins University, wrote in Nature earlier this year.

    Lunar silkworms, potatoes, and mustard


    China designed its solar-powered moon rover to last about three months and its lander to function for about a year.

    In addition to the rock-sampling and radio-astronomy experiments, the mission will carry a miniature ecosystem of life on Earth.

    The lander will hold a seven-inch-long aluminum container packed with potato seeds, Arabidopsis (mustard) seeds, and silkworm eggs, according to People's Daily, a state-supervised media outlet in China.

    Zhang Yuanxun, chief designer of the aluminum container, explained the goal for these seeds and worms in the Chongqing Morning Post, according to People's Daily.

    "The eggs will hatch into silkworms, which can produce carbon dioxide, while the potatoes and seeds emit oxygen through photosynthesis," Yuanxun said. "Together, they can establish a simple ecosystem on the moon."

    Na Li contributed Mandarin Chinese translation assistance to this story.

    SEE ALSO: 27 of the most iconic, jaw-dropping photos of the Earth and the moon from space

    DON'T MISS: A Chinese moon satellite took an incredible picture of Earth that will make you feel tiny

    Join the conversation about this story »

    NOW WATCH: China’s ambitious agenda is on track to make two groundbreaking feats in space

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    achille elementary school

    • An Oklahoma school district was forced to close down on Monday and Tuesday after parents posted threatening messages on Facebook directed toward a 12-year-old transgender girl.
    • Their posts came after the child used the girls' restroom on the first day of school instead of the staff bathroom, as she usually does. 
    • The adults referred to the 12-year-old girl as "it," a "maggot," and a "thing" and threatened her with violence in Facebook comments in a private group that appears to have since been deleted.
    • The backlash from the posts prompted the Achille Public Schools to close on Monday on Tuesday. 

    An Oklahoma school district was forced to close down for two days this week after parents posted threatening messages on Facebook directed toward a 12-year-old transgender girl.

    The Achille Public Schools were closed on Monday and Tuesday after several adults posted messages in a private, seemingly deleted Facebook group entitled "Achille ISD Parents Group" that targeted a seventh-grade girl, who has been identified as Maddie, KXII reports. 

    According to KXII, the threats came after Maddie used the girls' bathroom. Maddie's mom Brandy told the outlet that her daughter, who has identified as a girl since she was in the fifth grade, usually uses the staff bathroom but was "confused" on the first of school.

    This incident prompted the adults in the Facebook group to threaten Maddie with violence, per Them, with some referring to the 12-year-old girl as "it," a "maggot," and a "thing." According to multiple reports, a parent named  Jamie Crenshaw wrote the original post on Facebook. Screenshots of the conversation were captured before the Facebook group was deleted.


    "Heads up parents of 5th through 7th grade," Jamie Crenshaw said in a now-deleted post, per Time. "The transgender is already using the girls' bathroom. We have been told how the school has gone above and beyond to make sure he has his own restroom yet he is still using the girls. REALLY… Looks like its going to be a long year."

    "If he wants to be a female make him a female. A good sharp knife will do the job really quick," one parent reportedly wrote. "Why are parents letting their kids be transgender ?" another asked. "Just tell the kids to kick a-- in the bathroom and it won’t want to come back!" a third parent commented.

    Following the threats, the Achille Public Schools, which consists of the elementary school that Maddie attends, and a high school, were closed until Wednesday.

    "We are putting in extra measures to help safeguard our students," says Achille ISD Superintendent Rick Beene told Them. "We appreciate all the concern for our Achille students. Our school is shut down until Wednesday for safety precautions. While I will not go into specifics, we have increased security."

    But Beene also told Them that many of the parents who posted in the group do not live within the Achille school district. He also said that Facebook group is not connected with the school in any official capacity. 

    Brandy told KXII that the threats have made her so worried for her family's safety that they are no longer living in their home for the time being. She has also filed a restraining order against Burney Crenshaw, Jaime Crenshaw's husband, whom she believes was inciting the violence.

    Transgender advocates are troubled by the story. Raffi Freedman-Gurspan, the director of external relations for the National Center for Transgender Equality, told INSIDER that this is no way for adults to treat a child who is simply seeking education.

    "We are appalled at the reports of such mistreatment by adults against a child that wants nothing more than to thrive in school. It runs counter to everything we know about transgender students — that they need our support, our protection, and our love," Freedman-Gurspan said. "Our heart breaks for this child, her family, and the family of every child facing harassment and humiliation simply because they are transgender."

    Eliza Byard, the executive director of GLSEN, a national education organization working to create safe and inclusive schools for LGBTQ youth, echoed Freedman-Gurspan's concerns about the adults' behavior.

    "Any adult who calls for physical violence against a child should be ashamed of themselves," Byard told INSIDER. "It is absolutely unconscionable for a group of adults to engage in the kind of threatening and dehumanizing speech that we saw in these posts."

    Although she commended the school district for its swift and appropriate response to the backlash, she expressed concern over the ramifications of the rhetoric that the parents were introducing to the school community.

    "Frankly, the problems arise, generally, are being caused by adults who introduce this kind of hateful language into the school community and into the environment," she said. "Schools need to be supported in their efforts to keep every child safe and make sure they’re affirmed and in a position to learn during the school day."

    And Byard said it's been reassuring that Maddie and her family have received an outpouring of support from their community. 

    "I have been heartened to read about the kind of support that Maddie and her family have found from others in the school community," she said. "By and large, we generally see that other students and school professionals understand and support the needs of their students to be safe at school. Please, anyone who is out there in this position, know that you are not alone. There is support for you in the community and in the law. You have every right to be supported and protected at school."

    UPDATE: August 13, 2018: This post was updated to include a statement from Eliza Byard.

    For more great stories, head to INSIDER's homepage.

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    Paul Manafort

    • The prosecution and defense in the Paul Manafort trial made their closing arguments on Wednesday.
    • Prosecutors urged the jury to focus on Manafort's "lies" and the myriad of documents and emails they say prove Manafort's alleged crimes.
    • The defense sought to paint the case as politically motivated and suggested that the special counsel Robert Mueller had gone on a fishing expedition to nail down Manafort.

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    The jury in the high-stakes criminal trial involving Paul Manafort heard closing arguments on Wednesday as it prepared to deliver a final verdict.

    Manafort is the former chairman of President Donald Trump's campaign. He is the defendant in two criminal indictments from the special counsel Robert Mueller, who is investigating Russia's interference in the 2016 election. The indictment at the center of this month's trial was brought in the Eastern District of Virginia and charged him with 18 counts related to tax fraud, bank fraud, and failure to disclose foreign bank accounts. He pleaded not guilty to all counts.

    The jury first heard ten days worth of evidence from the prosecution, aided by over a dozen witnesses who testified to Manafort's alleged crimes. The defense, meanwhile, rested its case without calling any witnesses.

    On Wednesday, Greg Andres, the lead prosecutor representing the government, kicked things off with a closing argument that lasted an hour and 40 minutes.

    Andres showed the jury several documents and emails that Mueller’s team claims represent proof of Manafort’s actions.

    Andres said the exhibits he was showing to the jury painted a clear money trail from Ukraine to Manafort’s overseas accounts to US vendors Manafort dealt with. Andres emphasized the government’s claim that Manafort willfully did not disclose his foreign bank accounts, stashed money in his offshore accounts to avoid reporting it as income, and later sought to falsely inflate his income to secure loans when his finances dried up.

    "Mr. Manafort lied to keep more money when he had it, and he lied to get more money when he didn't," Andres said.

    While making the prosecution’s argument, Andres frequently returned to one phrase: "Mr. Manafort’s lies." Specifically, he said the jury should focus on Manafort’s alleged falsehoods and not the credibility of Rick Gates, the government’s main witness against Manafort, whom the defense has repeatedly cast as a liar looking to clear his name by throwing Manafort under the bus.

    Andres said Wednesday that the jury didn’t need to trust or like Gates. Instead, he said, the jury should focus on what Gates said and how it stacked up against the testimony given by other critical witnesses, like Manafort’s former bookkeeper, accountant, and tax preparers.

    Last week, Gates admitted to committing crimes with Manafort, but he also admitted to embezzling millions from his former boss and having an extramarital affair a decade ago.

    Andres sought to shift attention away from Gates during his closing argument, saying at one point that "the star witness in this case is the documents."

    When it was their turn, Manafort's lawyers cast a political shadow over the proceedings, arguing that Mueller's case was comprised of "selective" evidence that didn't amount to any crime.

    The defense also said the prosecution failed to show that one of the banks Manafort is accused of defrauding relied on false information. They also said, more broadly, that the government had not proven that Manafort acted intentionally to commit the alleged crimes.

    The defense's argument Wednesday echoes what Kevin Downing, Manafort's lead defense attorney, said Tuesday when the defense rested its case. He said Manafort was choosing to let the case go to the jury because he and his attorneys "do not believe that the government has met its burden of proof."

    During closing arguments on Wednesday, Richard Westling, one of Manafort's lawyers, implied that Mueller's team had embarked on a fishing expedition to nail Manafort down and suggested that if any other prosecutors had been looking into the matter, Manafort wouldn't have been indicted.

    The charges against Manafort weren't brought until "the special counsel showed up and started asking questions," Westling said.

    SEE ALSO: The defense in the Manafort trial rested its case without calling any witnesses

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    ear earrings

    • Earwax — or cerumen, as it’s officially called — serves an important purpose. It helps keep your ear canal safe and protected.
    • Earwax probably isn’t something that you spend a lot of time thinking about, unless the amount you have is cause for concern.
    • Chances are, if the amount of earwax you have isn’t causing problems, you generally have a normal amount.

    Earwax is intended to help protect your ear canal from all manner of things that could potentially hurt it. And though you might not spend a lot of time thinking about your earwax, but with more than the right amount, you might experience some irritating symptoms.

    If you’re dealing with too much earwax and it’s negatively affecting you, talking to your doctor, an audiologist, or an ear, nose, and throat doctor (otherwise known as an ENT), can help, as they should be able to remove excess wax if need be. Here’s how you know if you have the right amount, or too much or too little.

    Your ears don’t typically feel itchy.

    If you don’t have enough earwax, your ears might be sort of itchy. Harvard Health Letter noted that not having enough earwax can result in uncomfortable ears. So if you only get occasional itches, but otherwise don’t really notice that they feel uncomfortable, then you likely have a normal amount of earwax or, potentially, too much.

    Ear infections are basically unheard of.

    Ear infections can be super painful, but they can also tell you something about how much earwax might be in your ears. Healthline reported that you might experience an earache if you have a buildup of wax in your ear canals and that if it’s not dealt with, that could lead to an infection. If pain and infections aren’t a frequent part of your life, it’s possible that you could have a normal amount of earwax.

    You don’t notice many changes in the way your ears feel.

    "Generally, if you don't notice any problems or unusual feelings in your ears, then you don't need to worry about ear wax,"Dr. Meryl Miller, AuD, an Atlanta-area audiologist, told INSIDER. If your ears feel the same way they typically feel, then you probably don’t have an earwax issue.

    Your hearing is pretty much the same as it usually is.

    music podcast listeningIf your hearing doesn’t seem to be noticeably different than it typically is, you likely have a normal amount of earwax. But if your ears feel in any way blocked, you might have too much wax, which is getting in the way of things.

    "If your ear feels blocked up, there could be a number of causes, one of which is wax," Miller said. "So, if your ear feels clogged up, see your primary care physician to look in your ear. Or, if you have an existing relationship with an audiologist or ear, nose, and throat physician, you can see one of the two."

    Your doctor hasn’t told you that you’re dealing with a blockage or impaction.

    "When you go to your primary care physician for your annual check-up, they usually will look in your ears and let you know if you have any wax buildup that needs to be professionally removed," Miller said. No warnings from your doctor, as well as a lack of other symptoms, likely means that the amount of earwax in your ears is pretty normal.

    "The ear canal is self-cleaning," Miller said. "Dead skin cells in your ear canal naturally migrate out of the ear. This migration also carries wax out of the ear. Often a wax buildup is self-induced. When someone tries to clean their ears, [they] may remove some wax, but also may push wax deeper into the ear. This interrupts the natural migration of dead skin cells and wax out of the ear. If you push enough wax deeper into the ear, you can completely occlude your ear with wax causing a temporary hearing loss."

    If you’re concerned that the amount of earwax you have in your ear isn’t normal, sharing your concerns with a doctor, audiologist, or ENT could help get to the bottom of things. If you do have something that needs to be treated — like a buildup of wax or a blockage of some sort — they’ll be able to help and your ears will be feeling better before you know it.

    For more great stories, head to INSIDER's homepage.

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    alyssa gilderhus

    • Alyssa Gilderhus was 18 years old on Christmas morning in 2016 when she suffered an aneurysm and had to undergo emergency surgery at the Mayo Clinic.
    • Her family got into conflict with the hospital about a month later, when her mother was banned from the hospital after getting into a heated confrontation with a doctor.
    • Despite Alyssa's pleas to be transferred to another hospital, doctors would not allow her to be discharged.
    • Eventually, her family helped her break out of the hospital.

    A young Minnesota woman and her family have spoken out to CNN to detail how she escaped from the Mayo Clinic, claiming doctors at the world-renowned hospital were holding her against her will.

    Alyssa Gilderhus was rushed to the hospital after suffering an aneurysm on Christmas morning in 2016. While doctors initially gave her a 2% chance of survival, the then-18-year-old overcame those odds after undergoing four surgeries over the next month.

    While Alyssa, her mother Amber Engebretson, and her stepfather Duane Engebretson, remain thankful for the doctors who saved her life, conflicts arose when the teen was transferred to the rehabilitation unit on January 30, 2017.

    Alyssa's family was shocked when doctors there tried to ween her off oxycodone just days after her final surgery. Her parents also complained that Alyssa's feeding tube was the wrong size, and that doctors failed to discover she was suffering from a bladder infection. 

    alyssa gilderhus at mayo

    Soon, Alyssa's mother had asked for not one, but four staffers be removed from her care team — including a social worker, a nurse, and two doctors. 

    The conflict reached a crescendo on February 22 when Amber arrived for a meeting she had set up with Alyssa's social worker.

    When she arrived at the office, Amber says there was a doctor she had never seen before in the doorway, speaking to the social worker. As soon as he saw Amber coming, she says he shut the door in her face. 

    Amber figured that the two were speaking about Alyssa, and her intuition was confirmed when she eavesdropped on their conversation through the door. 

    "I proceeded to open the door and say, 'Since you're talking about my family, I think it's only appropriate that I would be here also, to be included in the conversation,'" she recalled to CNN. 

    Amber says the doctor then puffed out his chest and took a step towards her, causing her to step back out into the hall. 

    She says he told her, in an "intensely aggressive" way: "I run this whole rehab unit. Do you understand me?"

    "I need to talk to you. Do you understand me?" Amber replied. But she says the doctor walked away. 

    duane and amber engebretson

    Later, she says the doctor came to see her family, accompanied by three security guards, and said she would no longer be allowed on Mayo property, or to take part in her daughter's care. 

    After her mother was banned from the hospital, Alyssa started requesting to be transferred to another medical center, but Mayo doctors wouldn't let her leave. 

    "They were cruel to me," Alyssa said of her care team, which soon grew to include two nursing aides assigned to monitor her at all times.

    She said she wanted to get out of Mayo "as bad as possible" but the hospital said that even though she was an adult, she did not have the mental capacity to make her own medical decisions. 

    And after Alyssa's mother was banned from the hospital, Mayo social workers started working to gain legal guardianship of the teen, which would have allowed them to hold her at the hospital indefinitely. 

    This was happening under the noses of Alyssa and her family, who had started a secret plot of their own to break her out of the hospital. 

    The great escape 

    On February 28, 2017, Alyssa's stepfather visited her at the hospital and told her nursing aides that her great-grandmother had come for a visit and wanted to meet on the first floor since she recently had undergone knee surgery. 

    As he wheeled Alyssa downstairs, followed by the two nurses, he had his nine-year-old daughter Allie secretly record their escape on a hidden GoPro camera. He said that he wanted a recording to show that Alyssa had gone willingly and that he hadn't been violent to staff. 

    When they reached the first floor, Duane said that he saw Grandma Betty's car just outside the lobby, and wheeled Alyssa outside. 

    mayo escape 1mayo escape 3

    But as the car pulled up, Alyssa's mom opened the passenger-side door and told her daughter from the driver's seat,  "we're going home." 

    As Duane helped his stepdaughter out of her wheelchair and into the passenger seat, someone is heard yelling "No!" and a hand is seen grabbing Alyssa. 

    "Get your hands off my daughter," Duane yelled at one of the nurses before getting in the back seat.

    "Get out of here, Amber," Duane told his wife. "Go, go, go, go, go, go!"

    The car then sped off. 

    On the run 

    Following Alyssa's escape, Mayo tried to get her back by issuing a 72-hour hold, which allows them to admit someone against their will if they believe they are a danger to themselves. 

    Cops with three agencies trailed the family as they made their way west, searching for a hospital outside of the expansive Mayo system. 

    Nearly 12 hours later, they reached the Sanford Medical Center in Sioux Falls, where they relayed to doctors details about their daughter's aneurysm and their conflicts with Mayo. 

    The Sanford doctors disagreed with Mayo's assessment of Alyssa, saying she was healthy enough to go home and had the mental capacity to make her own medical decisions. 

    When the police learned that the hospital had cleared Alyssa to be discharged a few days later, they dropped the chase. In a letter to authorities, Alyssa's family claimed they had to rescue their daughter, who they said had been  "medically kidnapped" by Mayo officials. 

    Today, Alyssa is eating and speaking normally and walking without assistance. Next month, the now-20-year-old plans to start her freshman year of college. 

    While she and her family have obtained a lawyer, they have not filed a lawsuit against Mayo. 

    Her parents believe the Mayo Clinic held their daughter and sought guardianship as retaliation for Amber's confrontation with the doctor. 

    "I think that the doctor I made mad wanted to make sure that I paid for it no matter what," her mother said. 

    Experts are shocked by the case

    Legal and medical experts who reviewed the case for CNN said Mayo should have let Alyssa leave the hospital when she requested, since she was an adult. 

    "Hospitals aren't prisons. They can't hold you there against your will,' George Annas, an attorney and director of the Center for Health Law, Ethics & Human Rights at the Boston University School of Public Health, told the network.

    Others said that the hospital should have sought to have one of Alyssa's other family members or friends become her guardian if they were worried about her mental capacity, instead of seeking guardianship.

    engebretson today

    Richard S. Saver, a professor at the University of North Carolina School of Law, said that in his four years working in the general counsel's office at the University of Chicago Hospitals and Health System, he doesn't remember one incident in which the hospital tried to seek guardianship of a patient. 

    "It's thought of as kind of the atom bomb remedy," Saver said. "I'm a little flummoxed what to make of this. They had family members on the scene to look to."

    When contacted by CNN, the hospital released a statement, saying: "We will not address these questionable allegations or publicly share the facts of this complex situation, because we do not believe it's in the best interest of the patient and the family. ... Our internal review determined that the care team's actions were true to Mayo Clinic's primary value that the patient's needs come first. We acted in a manner that honored that value for the patient and that also took into account the safety and well-being of the team caring for the patient."

    Read the full story at CNN >

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    The beginning of fall is marked by some very specific things. The leaves change color, the temperature drops, school begins for many, and of course, a myriad of new trends inundate every fashion blog, store, and online shop. It is easy to be tempted — or overwhelmed — by all of the options. You might be wondering things like which pieces are actually worth the money, which will be out of style come 2019, and which will actually have long-term staying power in your wardrobe.

    I find myself in this predicament often, now more than ever as I attempt to make my wardrobe less excessive and able to fit in a much smaller New York City closet. There are some pieces that circle back every fall like skinny jeans, trench coats, and booties. Sometimes these take on more modern interpretations, but they're classics nonetheless.

    With fall quickly approaching, we curated a list of the season's most timeless pieces for women, the ones you will want to wear year after year. So, whether you're trying to keep your seasonal wardrobe down to the basics or looking for some new pieces to add to your collection, this list has got you and your closet covered.

    Check out 35 timeless fall fashion staples for women below:

    A jacket that can handle unexpected weather

    Barbour Beadnell Waxed Cotton Jacket, $399

    Fall promises some cool relief after a hot summer, but fall weather (especially in the northeast) can be pretty erratic. One day you're basking in the sunlight of 60 degree weather and the next you wake up to a blizzard— this is not an exaggeration, it happened to me when I lived in Upstate New York. Getting dressed is significantly more difficult when you don't know what weather fall will throw at you, but luckily this Barbour jacket can withstand it all. It is made with waxed-cotton, corrosion-proof zippers, and double-stitched seams to give you a weatherproof finish that is super practical, but attractive too.

    A basic black cardigan

    Halogen Long Open Cardigan, $79, available at Nordstrom

    A black cardigan is the perfect item to throw-over any outfit when you need some extra warmth or to cover your shoulders. Find one that is thin enough to easily transition between seasons. This is the ultimate everyday layering piece and it comes in a variety of neutrals, so you can find one that best matches your wardrobe.

    A fun blouse

    Banana Republic Stretch-Crepe Wrap-Front Top, $68

    You should have a few blouses that are comfortable, work-appropriate, and easy for everyday wear. This one can easily be tucked into jeans or trousers for a more casual or formal look, respectively. Polka-dots are a fun way to add pattern while still staying within a neutral color palette.

    See the rest of the story at Business Insider

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    bitch i'm a cow

    • The song of the summer is here.
    • It is Doja Cat's latest: "Mooo," or as it's known around the internet, "B---- I'm a Cow."
    • This is an objective truth.
    • Not only is it an original bop, but it also recalls classic songs like the nursery rhyme "Old MacDonald Had a Farm," Kelis' "Milkshake," and Ludacris' "Move B----" for a powerful nostalgic effect.
    • Listen and see for yourself.

    If there's one thing to improve a summer riddled with feverish celebrity engagements it's a song that captures our cultural moment.

    And you can now rest easy because the song of the summer is here. Please, stop whatever you're doing and listen to Doja Cat's latest: "Mooo," or as it's known around the internet, "B---- I'm a Cow." 

    Doja Cat, née Amala Zandile Dlamini, is a 22-year-old singer, songwriter, and rapper, based out of Los Angeles, California — and she's one to watch.

    The music video for her song, which was seemingly shot on Photobooth, is an instant classic. As are the single's lyrics — take, for example, the chorus.

    "I go mooo/ Mooo Mooo Mooo/ Yeah I say B----, I'm too smooth I'm not in the mood/ Tryna make moves," she croons, in a way that will sure to be stuck on your head in an endless loop.

    Doja Cat also invokes a certain kind of nostalgia by recalling lyrics from classic songs like the nursery rhyme "Old MacDonald Had a Farm," Kelis' "Milkshake," and Ludacris' "Move B----" and turning them on their heads.

    Also, have you ever before seen a woman dressed as a cow, eating a burger, in front of a green screen of cows, all while singing about being a cow? Well, in case you have not yet watched the video, which is iconic in its own right, now you have.

    bitch i'm a cow

    "B---- I'm a Cow" is a classic. It's a bop. These are objective facts.

    Not sold? Well, these are fan reactions to prove it.

    If, hypothetically speaking, the Grammys were to introduce a new category for Best Popular Song, it seems pretty likely that "B---- I'm a Cow" would take home the gold. No exaggeration.

    For more great stories, head to INSIDER's homepage.

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    This is a preview of a research report from Business Insider Intelligence, Business Insider's premium research service. To learn more about Business Insider Intelligence, click here.

    Edge computing solutions are key tools that help companies grapple with rising data volumes across industries. These types of solutions are critical in allowing companies to gain more control over the data their IoT devices create and in reducing their reliance on (and the costs of) cloud computing.

    edge popularity

    These systems are becoming more sought-after — 40% of companies that provide IoT solutions reported that edge computing came up more in discussion with customers in 2017 than the year before, according to Business Insider Intelligence’s 2017 Global IoT Executive Survey. But companies need to know whether they should look into edge computing solutions, and what in particular they can hope to gain from shifting data processing and analysis from the cloud to the edge.

    There are three particular types of problems that edge computing solutions are helping to combat across industries:

    • Security issues. Edge computing can limit the exposure of critical data by minimizing how often it’s transmitted. Further, they pre-process data, so there’s less data to secure overall.
    • Access issues. These systems help to provide live insights regardless of whether there’s a network connection available, greatly expanding where companies and organizations can use connected devices and the data they generate.
    • Transmission efficiency. Edge computing solutions process data where it’s created so less needs to be sent to the cloud, leading to lower cloud storage requirements and reduced transmission cost.

    In this report, Business Insider Intelligence examines how edge computing is reducing companies' reliance on cloud computing in three key industries: healthcare, telecommunications, and the automotive space. We explore how these systems mitigate issues in each sector by helping to efficiently process growing troves of data, expanding the potential realms of IoT solutions a company can offer, and bringing enhanced computing capability to remote and mobile platforms.

    Here are some key takeaways from the report:

    • In healthcare, companies and organizations are using edge computing to improve telemedicine and remote monitoring capabilities.
    • For telecommunications companies, edge computing is helping to reduce network congestion and enabling a shift toward the IoT platform market.
    • And in the automotive space, edge computing systems are enabling companies to increase the capabilities of connected cars and trucks and approach autonomy.

    In full, the report:

    • Explores the key advantages edge computing solutions can provide.
    • Highlights the circumstances when companies should look into edge systems.
    • Identifies key vendors and partners in specific industries while showcasing case studies of successful edge computing programs.

      Subscribe to a Premium pass to Business Insider Intelligence and gain immediate access to:

      This report and more than 250 other expertly researched reports
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    vietjet flight attendant

    Even if you aren’t afraid of flying, you can acknowledge that being on an airplane is never exactly comfortable. Airplane seats are notoriously small and cramped, the temperature is always either freezing cold or way too warm, you have very little control over the amount of noise and light that surrounds you, and you’re basically trapped in one area for hours at a time. Sitting in first class can make things better, but of course, that is not an option everyone can afford.

    Luckily, there are some more affordable ways to get as comfortable as you can on an airplane, and they all revolve around picking the right seat.

    The kind of seat you choose can have a huge impact on your comfort level during your flight, whether you’re looking for an area that is quieter or you simply want more legroom. If you don’t fly a lot, picking the right seat can seem overwhelming.

    INSIDER spoke with Hawaiian Airlines flight attendant Kaipo Kauka to get a better idea of the best seat to choose depending on the experience you’re looking for.

    If you want to sleep through most of the flight, choose a window seat.

    Sleeping is ideal during a flight, especially a very long one. Unfortunately, it can also be tough to get a decent amount of it when you're constantly adjusting yourself and trying to find a comfortable position. Kauka recommends choosing a window seat if you know you need some shut-eye.

    He said, "I like using the window as something to lean on. Your seat neighbor will thank you for not leaning on them instead."

    Pick a window seat away from the kitchen area if you need silence.

    Whether you want to get some uninterrupted sleep or just want a quiet flight, Kauka said to stay away from the "kitchen" area of the plane.

    He pointed out, "Flight attendants work in the galleys during the flight and it can get noisy."

    Choose an aisle seat if you know you'll be using the bathroom a lot.

    Can't hold it in for very long? Do yourself - and your seatmates - a favor, and pick an aisle seat. And if you would prefer to keep an eye on the lines, Kauka said, "You can use the aircraft seat map if you want to book a seat close to a lavatory as well."

    See the rest of the story at Business Insider

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    • Former CIA director John Brennan reacted Tuesday to news that the White House had revoked his security clearance, accusing him of "erratic conduct and behavior."

    • "This action is part of a broader effort by Mr. Trump to suppress freedom of speech & punish critics," he wrote on Twitter. "It should gravely worry all Americans, including intelligence professionals, about the cost of speaking out."
    • He later told MSNBC host Nicolle Wallace that such a politically motivated action was something he had seen from "foreign tyrants, despots, and autocrats" throughout his career.

    Former CIA director John Brennan, who led the agency from 2013 to 2017, is reacting to the White House's Wednesday afternoon announcement that President Donald Trump was taking away his security clearance.

    "This action is part of a broader effort by Mr. Trump to suppress freedom of speech & punish critics. It should gravely worry all Americans, including intelligence professionals, about the cost of speaking out," Brennan tweeted. "My principles are worth far more than clearances. I will not relent."

    Brennan told MSNBC Deadline host Nicolle Wallace that he was completely blindsided by the move, only finding out from White House press secretary Sarah Sanders' afternoon press briefing instead of first being contacted by Director of National Intelligence Dan Coats or CIA Director Gina Haspel.

    "Revoking my security clearances is his way of trying to get back at me," Brennan said. "I think I have tried to voice the concerns of millions of Americans about Mr. Trump's failures, in terms of fulfilling the responsibilities of that sacred and solemn office of the presidency."

    Brennan has been a prominent and outspoken critic of Trump's approach to foreign policy and national security. He even called Trump seemingly siding with Moscow over the US intelligence community during his summit with Russian president Vladimir Putin "treasonous."

    On Monday, Brennan tweeted that Trump "will never understand what it means to be president, nor what it takes to be a good, decent, & honest person" in response to the President referring to ex-White House staffer Omarosa Manigault-Newman as a "crazed, crying lowlife" and "a dog."

    "I've seen this type of behavior and actions on the parts of foreign tyrants, despots, and autocrats for many, many years during my CIA and national security career," he told Wallace of Trump's revocation, adding, "I never, ever thought I'd see it here in the United States."

    Brennan said he's worried Trump is sending a message to other former and current officials with security clearances that they shouldn't say critical things about the president.

    Trump also said he was considering revoking the clearance of several other former intelligence and law-enforcement officials — many of whom have been critical of him — in the coming weeks.

    Those people include former Director of National Intelligence James Clapper, former FBI director James Comey, former NSA director Michael Hayden, former acting attorney general Sally Yates, former national security adviser Susan Rice, former FBI deputy director Andrew McCabe, former FBI agent Peter Strzok, FBI lawyer Lisa Page, and Justice Department official Bruce Ohr.

    "If Mr. Trump believes that this is going to lead me to just go away and be quiet, he is very badly mistaken," Brennan said on MSNBC.

    Watch a clip from Brennan's interview below:

    SEE ALSO: Trump revokes former CIA director and frequent Trump critic John Brennan's security clearance

    DON'T MISS: The White House waited 3 weeks to announce Trump was revoking Brennan's security clearance, and some are speculating it was to get people to stop talking about Omarosa and Manafort

    Join the conversation about this story »

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    girl phone

    • I had no idea that having an Android while living in the west would be such an inconvenience.
    • In finding myself in many frustrating situations, being without an iPhone, I decided to make the switch about a year ago.
    • Since converting, I’ve found how much of an impact it has had on my relationships, my time, and even my productivity at work.  

    When I moved to the west coast two years ago, it seemed like I was the only one without an iPhone versus when I was in the midwest and many of my friends had Androids. Quickly, I realized the inconvenience not only for myself but also for my new friends and my coworkers.

    After about a year, I decided to make the switch to iPhone and here a few reasons why it’s one of the best decisions I’ve made.  

    Switching has allowed me to connect better with my friends.

    gossip girl cell phone

    I hadn’t realized the wonders of iMessage until I made the switch. I’d surely heard of it since most of my friends on the west coast had iPhones and that was something they commonly used amongst themselves.

    But when I finally bought my own iPhone, I could see why they loved it. With iMessage, it was like I was back in high school using AIM — the instant messaging was so convenient and allowed for quicker conversations with a greater exchange of information.

    And then I discovered FaceTime. It was a huge breakthrough in my relationships, allowing me to see and hear from family and friends across the country and better connect with them than over a bad phone connection.

    I no longer felt like an inconvenience.

    Having an Android occasionally inconvenienced my friends because I couldn't receive group texts in full and wasn't able to use the "Share Contact" or the "Share Location" features.

    These features were often necessary for group events I was a part of and made coordinating a lot more difficult with an Android. For instance, if someone was sharing a contact with me, I wasn't able to receive the information and therefore, needed to ask them to type out the info and resend it as a text message.

    AirDrop is everything.

    girl taking picture phone selfie photo hat skirt coachella

    I have to say I truly am in love with the AirDrop feature of the iPhone. I constantly struggled to save space on my Android and so was endlessly needing to connect my phone to my laptop with a USB cable to transfer photos and notes.

    With AirDrop, all my troubles are gone. In just a few clicks, I can move my notes, photos, documents, voice memos, etc. over to my laptop usually in just a few minutes.

    It has also made it easier to swap photos with friends and family. That way, they can just AirDrop them to me immediately rather than texting the images to me one by one.

    My iPhone has helped me immensely at work.

    One of the first conveniences I noticed when I switched to the iPhone was being able to use AirDrop, iMessage, and even FaceTime with coworkers because all of my colleagues had iPhones. It allowed me to stay in better communication with them, especially for work events.

    I also was able to receive and download files needed for work when I made the switch. I often found that my Android couldn't support certain document formats that coworkers would send my way, which lowered my productivity.

    Now, my coworkers and I can easily send files to one another when I'm running work errands and we commonly use AirDrop rather than email files.

    It was hard initially to adjust to the iPhone's home button and I do miss the Android's keyboard.

    Swype android app

    I will say that when I bought my first iPhone, I had a hard time adjusting to the single home button on my iPhone from having multiple buttons on the bottom of my Android.

    I found myself searching for the back button or hitting the Home button as a back button, which was extremely frustrating at times. But after a couple of months, I finally adjusted and wouldn't have it any other way.

    Further, although I've now adjusted to the iPhone keyboard, I must admit that I do miss Swype, a feature originally created for Android that allows you to type without lifting a finger. It made it so easy to text with barely having to look at my phone. Plus, I only had to use one hand, which was very convenient for multitasking.

    Unfortunately, Swype has now been discontinued on both Android and iPhone as of February 2018 so I suppose I'm not missing out.

    (I want to note that previously, I was using an older version of the Android, which may have had an effect on why switching over to the iPhone was the best choice for me.)

    For more great stories, head to INSIDER's homepage.

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    new haven green overdoses 2

    • More than 30 people overdosed in New Haven, Connecticut between Tuesday night and Wednesday. 
    • Most of the calls came in Wednesday morning on the New Haven Green. 
    • Police believe the victims may have smoked synthetic marijuana laced with the super-strong opioid Fentanyl.
    • A 37-year-old "person of interest" has been taken into custody in connection with the rash of overdoses.

    A rash of overdoses swept New Haven, Connecticut on Wednesday morning, sending more than 30 people to the hospital. 

    The majority of the calls came from the New Haven Green, where scores of people were found passed out on the ground or vomiting. 

    Police believe that the synthetic marijuana K2 may be to blame. They say the K2 was likely laced with an opioid such as Fentanyl, since patients responded to larger-than-usual doses of the anti-overdose medication Narcan at the hospital. Others in the park told police that the K2 may have been laced with the hallucinogenic PCP.

    But investigators won't know for sure what sparked the overdoses until toxicology tests come back. 

    new haven overdoses 3

    None of the patients have died. But one to two patients are in life-threatening condition, according to reports from WFSB and CNN.

    As of Wednesday afternoon, police told the Register that they had arrested a 37-year-old man in connection with the mass overdose incident.

    The "person of interest"— who is not being named yet — was known to police, had drugs on him, and was out on parole. 

    The overdose outbreak started Tuesday night, when three people overdosed on the New Haven Green. 

    But the bulk of calls started coming in just before 8 a.m. on Wednesday morning and continued for an hour. 

    Throughout the rest of the day, there was a steady stream of patients, both in the park and other parts of the city.

    new haven green overdoses

    When ambulances were responding to the scene, they passed other passed-out victims on the ground.

    Some of the patients ended up overdosing twice.

    "As we were trying to pick up from the upper green, we ended up with two additional victims on the lower green, one of which was a victim we had from this morning, so we're not sure if he used another substance of if there is a lingering effect of what he used earlier on," New Haven Fire Chief John Alston said, according to WFSB.

    YNNH Center for EMS Medical Director Sandy Bogucki told the New Haven Register that paramedics were having "to run and then resuscitate and then having to transport faster than they might normally to turn around and get the cars back out."

    According to the Register, as many as 39 overdoses happened in total. Of those, 34 were taken to the hospital and five refused treatment. 

    One of the overdose calls actually came in as New Haven Police Chief Anthony Campbell was giving a press conference to update the public on the mass casualty incident.

    The Drug Enforcement Administration has been notified of the incident. 

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    josie kevin riverdale season two

    "Riverdale" has some new surprises in store for season three.

    The hit CW drama left Archie's future up-in-the air after he was arrested for a murder he didn't commit, but season three promises a three-month time jump that will put his trial front and center at the beginning of the new season. And though the Black Hood was caught at the end of season two, he's not off the show for good.

    With the new episodes comes new romances and the introduction of at least five characters, two of which will be Jughead's sister and mom.

    While fans wait in anticipation for the October 10th premiere, here's what we know about season three so far. 

    There may be a wedding episode.

    During a TV Critics Association panel in August, showrunner Roberto Aguirre-Sacasa said there may be a wedding episode that "involves a certain ex-mayor and a certain ex-sheriff." That means Josie's mom, Sierra McCoy, and Kevin's dad, Tom Keller, could be getting hitched after their affair was discovered on the second season.

    Casey Cott (Kevin) and Ashleigh Murray (Josie) also told FanSided at San Diego Comic-Con that their families are moving in together.

    Kevin and Moose are dating.

    After finally kissing at the end of season two, Kevin and Moose are in a relationship. Casey Cott, who plays Kevin, told FanSided that it won't be simple, because Moose is still closeted.

    "Kevin, romantically, has a boyfriend who's not quite out of the closet so that's confusing and dark in its own way," he said.

    A flashback episode will feature the main teens playing their parents.

    At the TV Critics Association panel in August, Aguirre-Sacasa said the fourth episode of the season will be a dark take on "The Breakfast Club." Titled "The Midnight Club," the main teens will play high school versions of their parents. 

    That results in KJ Apa as Fred Andrews (Luke Perry), Camila Mendes as Hermione Lodge (Marisol Nichols), Cole Sprouse as FP Jones (Skeet Ulrich), Lili Reinhart as Alice Cooper (Mädchen Amick), and Madelaine Petsch as Penelope Blossom (Nathalie Boltt).

    The episode will reportedly reveal a secret the parents have all been hiding since their school years. 

    See the rest of the story at Business Insider

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    Kellyanne Conway

    • White House counselor Kellyanne Conway told a reporter that her husband's anti-Trump tweets were "disrespectful" and "a violation of basic decency," but she only wanted to be quoted on background.
    • The reporter refused.

    White House counselor Kellyanne Conway recently shared some strong words about her husband's viral anti-Trump tweets with a reporter, but only wanted to be quoted as "a person familiar with their relationship."

    Washington Post reporter Ben Terris published an extensive profile of the dynamic between Conway and her husband, conservative lawyer George Conway, on Tuesday. It was the first story in which the two opened up about how President Donald Trump has complicated their relationship. 

    For more than a year, George has been publicly critical of the president on Twitter, while Kellyanne is often on TV defending him. In the Post profile, George, who introduced Kellyanne to Trump, said he now wishes he never did. 

    Kellyanne, meanwhile, said she believes there is a part of George "that thinks I chose Donald Trump over him," which she said "is ridiculous."

    But asked about her husband's anti-Trump tweets, Conway said they are "disrespectful."

    "I think it disrespects his wife," she said.

    A few days later, Terris circled back on the remark. And Kellyanne expanded on her thoughts.

    "It is disrespectful, it's a violation of basic decency, certainly, if not marital vows," she said, then asking to have that quote attributed to "a person familiar with their relationship."

    Terris refused, saying they were on the record during this portion of the discussion.

    "You can't say after the fact 'as someone familiar,'" Terris said.

    "I told you everything about his tweets was off the record," Kellyanne responded.

    "No, that's not true," Terris said. "That never happened."

    Kellyanne pivoted to framing her original comment not as her own thoughts, but of how other people view her husband's tweets.

    "Well, people do see it this way," she said. "People do see it that way, I don't say I do, but people see it that way."

    "I've never actually said what I think about it and I won't say what I think about it, which tells you what I think about it," she added.

    For his part, George disagreed with her assessment, saying Kellyanne's "problem is with her boss, not me."

    "If my wife were the counselor to the CEO of Pepsi and I had a problem with her boss, I would simply drink my Coke and keep my mouth shut," he said. "If the president were simply mediocre or even bad, I'd have nothing to say. This is much different."

    SEE ALSO: Omarosa and Michael Cohen made secret recordings of Trump — and fellow officials are reportedly wondering if anyone else did too

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